Appium is an open source, cross-platform test automation tool for native, hybrid and mobile web and desktop apps. We support simulators (iOS), emulators (Android), and real devices (iOS, Android, Windows, Mac).
Appium supports app automation across a variety of platforms, like iOS, Android, and Windows. Each platform is supported by one or more “drivers”, which know how to automate that particular platform. Choose a driver below for specific information about how that driver works and how to set it up:
- The XCUITest Driver
- (DEPRECATED) The UIAutomation Driver
- The Espresso Driver
- The UiAutomator2 Driver
- (DEPRECATED) The UiAutomator Driver
- The Windows Driver (for Windows Desktop apps)
- The Mac Driver (for Mac Desktop apps)
- You don’t have to recompile your app or modify it in any way, due to use of standard automation APIs on all platforms.
- You can use any testing framework.
- Appium has built-in mobile web and hybrid app support. Within the same script you can switch seamlessly between native app automation and webview automation, all using the WebDriver model that’s already the standard for web automation.
Investing in the WebDriver protocol means you are betting on a single, free and open protocol for testing that has become a web standard. Don’t lock yourself into a proprietary Stack.
For example, if you use Apple’s XCUITest library without Appium you can only write tests using Obj-C/Swift, and you can only run tests through Xcode. Similarly, with Google’s UiAutomator or Espresso you can only write tests in Java/Kotlin. Appium opens up the possibility of true cross-platform native app automation, for mobile and beyond. Finally!
If you’re new to Appium, or want a more comprehensive description of what this is all about, please read our Introduction to Appium Concepts.
Your environment needs to be set up for the particular platforms that you want to run tests on. Each of the drivers above documents the requirements for their particular brand of automation. At a minimum, you will need to be able to run Node.js 10+.